For those suffering from allergies, knowing what medicines can be used can be a big help. While it’s impossible to list all the available options, this article lists five of the most common allergy medicines. These include Prescription-strength antihistamines, intranasal steroids, sublingual immunotherapy, decongestants, and antihistamine nasal sprays. If you’re experience food allergies, check out this article here.
Table of Contents
What are Prescription-strength antihistamines?
If you’re suffering from seasonal allergies, you might want to consider taking allergy medicine. These medications are available in several different forms, including nasal sprays, pills, eye drops, skin creams and injections. It’s important to find the best one for your condition. Your doctor can help you choose the right prescription or over-the-counter remedy.
Antihistamines are a common class of allergy medicine. They work by blocking the effects of histamine, which causes itchiness and swelling. In addition, they reduce the production of bronchial secretions.
Although antihistamines can provide enough relief for many people, they can also cause side effects. For instance, some antihistamines can cause drowsiness. When choosing your medication, it’s a good idea to weigh your needs against the side effects.
Many people suffer from seasonal allergies. This is a result of the body’s immune system overreacting to an allergen, such as pollen. As a result, you may have nasal congestion and sneezing. You can relieve these symptoms by using an over-the-counter decongestant, such as Sudafed.
Another type of allergy medication is steroid nasal sprays. Steroids work to dry out the nasal passages, which will diminish the swelling. Some steroid nasal sprays are prescription-strength, providing all-day relief. Other over-the-counter nasal sprays only provide temporary relief.
During an allergic reaction, the mast cells in your body release histamine. Histamine causes itchiness, swelling, and runny nose. However, histamine can also be harmful, causing hives or even fungal infections of the throat. Allergy medicine works by blocking the release of histamine and keeping the mast cells intact.
Depending on the allergy, your doctor may recommend an allergy pill, such as Claritin. Oral antihistamines are also available. Drowsiness and fatigue are two of the common side effects of these drugs. Take them at least an hour before driving.
Several over-the-counter allergy medicines can be found at your local drugstore. The active ingredient in each will be listed on the front of the package. Xyzal allergy medicine, for example, contains the active ingredient levocetirizine dihydrochloride. Taking just one dose of Xyzal daily can eliminate your allergy symptoms within 24 hours.
What are Decongestants?
Decongestants are medicines that help reduce swelling of the nasal tissue, allowing air to pass more easily through the nose. They are used to treat congestion and allergic rhinitis. Decongestants are available in a variety of forms including pills, liquids, sprays, and nose drops.
Choosing the right medication depends on your condition and symptoms. Decongestants are often prescribed in combination with other medications, such as corticosteroids. However, some decongestants can cause side effects, so it’s important to consult your physician before taking any medicines.
For those with severe allergies, decongestants should be used infrequently. While they can be effective for short-term relief, prolonged use can make the problem worse. It’s also possible to misuse nasal decongestants, so it’s important to be careful.
Most decongestants are available over the counter (OTC). However, it’s recommended to speak with a doctor before using any medicine. If you’re taking a decongestant, remember to keep a record of your dosage. Some decongestants are sedating, so you may need to take them with caution when driving.
You should avoid taking oral decongestants if you’re pregnant. They can cause insomnia, heart palpitations, and dizziness. You should also avoid taking them if you’re prone to high blood pressure. This is because the drug is a type of caffeine, and the caffeine can affect the heart.
Pseudoephedrine is a decongestant that is commonly found in nasal and oral sprays. It’s usually well tolerated, but some states require a prescription. Other types of decongestants include levocetirizine and fexofenadine.
Antihistamines, on the other hand, are safe for everyday use. While they don’t have the same effect on nasal congestion as decongestants, they are an effective way to relieve itchy or watery eyes. Several antihistamines are available over the counter, but you should take several different ones if you have a bad allergy.
Allegra Allergy is an OTC medicine that contains both a decongestant and an antihistamine. It can treat nasal congestion, itchy throat, skin rashes, and trouble breathing. In addition, you can receive a discount on your medicine. GoodRx offers patient assistance programs and copay savings cards.
What are Intranasal steroids?
Intranasal steroids are a class of drugs that is used to treat allergic rhinitis. These medications act by reducing the number of dendritic cells in the nasal mucosa. They also help reduce inflammation in the nasal cavity. There are several types of steroid nasal sprays that are available. Some of these sprays are available over the counter while others are only available by prescription.
Intranasal steroids are commonly prescribed for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. The drugs can be taken for a short or long period of time depending on the severity of the condition. It is important to keep in mind that the risk of side effects is higher with long-term use.
When you start taking intranasal steroid sprays, it may take a few days to see the results. In this case, you will want to be sure to use the spray regularly. If you don’t see a response, you can stop using the spray. Keeping a record of your symptoms and contacting a doctor is also a good idea.
Although some studies have shown that recurrent administration of intranasal steroids can cause cataracts, recent studies have failed to confirm this link. However, there is a risk of ocular hypertension with inhaled steroid use in children.
A recent study compared the efficacy of regular and as-needed intranasal corticoid use. Researchers evaluated the effects of budesonide (Rhinocort AQUA), triamcinolone acetonide, mometasone furoate, and beclomethasone dipropionate. They found that the benefits of regular intranasal steroid use outweighed the risks.
While there are some risks associated with using nasal steroid sprays, it is a very effective way to relieve allergies. Steroids are not addictive. This can be a great benefit of the medication.
Because of the risks associated with intranasal steroid nasal sprays, it is best to discuss your needs with a doctor. He can give you advice and guide you through the many options available. Remember, it is not advisable to take intranasal steroids when pregnant. During pregnancy, it is possible for your child’s immune system to develop an overreaction to allergens. You can use nasal steroid sprays during the pregnancy, but you should be careful about the use of other over-the-counter allergy products.
What is Sublingual immunotherapy?
Sublingual immunotherapy is a method of treating allergies using dissolvable tablets or drops that are kept under the tongue. The treatment is effective at reducing symptom severity and is also a preventive measure against the development of new allergies. It is a safer alternative to injections and can be administered at home.
Sublingual immunotherapy works by increasing the patient’s tolerance to the allergen. This is achieved by receiving increasing doses of the allergen over time. Over several months, the patient’s immune system learns to respond better to the allergen.
While SLIT is a relatively new form of treatment for allergies, it is quickly becoming accepted by allergists and traditional allopathic doctors. During the initial stages of the treatment, it is common to experience mild itching in the mouth and throat. Other symptoms may include nasal congestion and increased sneezing.
Depending on the specific allergy, patients can choose between two forms of sublingual immunotherapy. These include ragweed pollen tablets and grass pollen tablets. Both are available in the United States, Canada, and Europe. In addition, SLIT-drops are increasingly used in otolaryngology practices.
Sublingual immunotherapy is a good option for elderly patients who dislike injections and for children who are needle phobic. However, it is important to know that it is not as effective as other treatments.
Aside from the effectiveness of sublingual immunotherapy, one of its biggest advantages is the convenience of home treatment. People with severe allergies and asthma should consult their allergist for a personalized plan.
Another advantage is the elimination of repeated injections. This is especially helpful for patients with allergies that are more localized, such as pollens or dust mites.
In addition, sublingual immunotherapy reduces the risk of systemic anaphylactic reactions. Its safety has been established by studies conducted in humans, and in animals. Nonetheless, it is still considered an “off-label” treatment, meaning that it is not approved by the US FDA. Consequently, some insurance plans do not cover it.
The maintenance phase of treatment consists of receiving the allergen at an optimal concentration for up to three to five years. This is to maintain the positive effect of the treatment.